Distance Miles. Regionally Featured. Last modified 5 days ago. Sep 26, 27, Locally Featured. Listed by Todd And Company. Last modified 20 hours ago.
Sep 25, 26, Last modified 30 minutes ago. Last modified 3 hours ago. Bryant's Breakfast. Brother Juniper's. Itta Bena. Explore Black Heritage and Culture. Blues Hall of Fame Museum. First Baptist Beale Street Church. From the Forums.
First Visit to MemphisPlaces to visit. Any riots in Memphis? First trip to Memphis - what not to miss. Rent a Home for Your Next Escape. Popular homes in Memphis. Eaton Mews. Peaceful Getaway. Home Away From Home! Blu Zzz Snoozy. Country Living in the City, Relax!! Traveler Spotlight. Recognized as Home of the Blues and the Birthplace of Rock 'n' Roll, Memphis attracts music-lovers from all across the globe.
Then there's also the barbecue—soul food that simply can't be missed. Here are some of my picks for a true blues and bbq experience. The vast majority died of yellow fever, making the epidemic in the city of 40, one of the most traumatic and severe in urban U. Within four days of the Memphis Board of Health's declaration of a yellow fever outbreak, 20, residents fled the city. The ensuing panic left the poverty-stricken, the working classes, and the African-American community at most risk from the epidemic.
Those who remained relied on volunteers from religious and physician organizations to tend to the sick. By the end of the year, more than 5, were confirmed dead in Memphis. The New Orleans health board listed "not less than 4," dead. The Mississippi Valley recorded , cases of yellow fever, with 20, deaths. By , Memphis's population of 40, was almost double that of Nashville and Atlanta, and it was the second-largest city in the South after New Orleans.
The Panic of resulted in expanding Memphis's underclasses amid the poverty and hardship it wrought, giving further credence to Memphis as a rough, shiftless city. Leading up to the outbreak in , it had suffered two yellow fever epidemics, cholera, and malaria, giving it a reputation as sickly and filthy. It was unheard of for a city with a population as large as Memphis's not to have any waterworks; the city still relied for supplies entirely on collecting water from the river and rain cisterns, and had no way to remove sewage.
Kate Bionda, an owner of an Italian "snack house", died of the fever on August The same trains and steamboats that brought thousands into Memphis now in five days carried away over 25, Memphians, more than half of the population. In July of that year, the city had a population of 47,; by September, 19, remained and 17, of them had yellow fever. None had the means to flee the city, as did the middle and upper class whites of Memphis, and thus they were subjected to a city of death.
It organized the city into refugee camps. The committee's main priority was to separate the poor from the city and isolate them in refugee camps. From there they were assigned to their respective districts. Physicians of the epidemic reported seeing as many as to patients daily. The sisters of St. Mary's Hospital played an important role during the epidemic in caring for the lower classes.
Already supporting a girls' school and church orphanage, the sisters of St. Mary's also sought to provide care for the Canfield Asylum, a home for black children. Each day, they alternated caring for the orphans at St. Mary's, delivering children to the Canfield Asylum, and taking soup and medicine on house calls to patients.
They later became known as the Martyrs of Memphis. At long last, on October 28, a killing frost struck. The city sent out word to Memphians scattered all over the country to come home. Though yellow fever cases were recorded in the pages of Elmwood Cemetery's burial record as late as February 29, , the epidemic seemed quieted.
Over the next year property tax revenues collapsed, and the city could not make payments on its municipal debts. As a result, Memphis temporarily lost its city charter and was reclassified by the state legislature as a Taxing District from to Perhaps the most significant effect of the yellow fever on Memphis was in demographic changes. Nearly all of Memphis's upper and middle classes vanished, depriving the city of its general leadership and class structure that dictated everyday life, similar to other large Southern cities such as New Orleans, Charleston, and Atlanta.
In Memphis, the poorer whites and blacks fundamentally made up the city and played the greatest role in rebuilding it. The epidemic had resulted in Memphis being a less cosmopolitan place, with an economy that served the cotton trade and a population drawn increasingly from poor white and black Southerners. The election was strongly contested, resulting in opponents of the D. Hadden faction working to deprive them of votes by disenfranchising blacks. The state had enacted several laws, including the requirement of poll taxes , that served to disenfranchise many blacks.
Although political party factions in the future sometimes paid poll taxes to enable blacks to vote, African Americans lost their last positions on the city council in this election and were forced out of the police force.
They did not recover the ability to exercise the franchise until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mids. Historian L. Wrenn suggests the heightened political hostility of the Democratic contest and related social tensions contributed to a white mob lynching three black grocers in Memphis in Journalist Ida B.
Wells of Memphis investigated the lynchings, as one of the men killed was a friend of hers. She demonstrated that these and other lynchings were more often due to economic and social competition than any criminal offenses by black men. Her findings were considered so controversial and aroused so much anger that she was forced to move away from the city. But she continued to investigate and publish the abuses of lynching.
Businessmen were eager to increase city population after the losses of —79, and supported annexation of new areas to the city; this was passed in before the census. The annexation measure was finally approved by the state legislature through a compromise achieved with real estate magnates, and the area annexed was slightly smaller than first proposed. In the city was rechartered with home rule , which restored its ability to enact taxes. The state legislature established a cap rate.
The commission form of government was believed effective in getting things done, but because all positions were elected at-large , requiring them to gain majority votes, this practice reduced representation by candidates representing significant minority political interests. In terms of its economy, Memphis developed as the world's largest spot cotton market and the world's largest hardwood lumber market, both commodity products of the Mississippi Delta.
Into the s, it was the world's largest mule market. From the s to the s, Memphis was a place of machine politics under the direction of E. He gained a state law in to establish a small commission to manage the city. The city retained a form of commission government until and patronage flourished under Crump. Per the publisher's summary of L. Wrenn's study of the period, "This centralization of political power in a small commission aided the efficient transaction of municipal business, but the public policies that resulted from it tended to benefit upper-class Memphians while neglecting the less affluent residents and neighborhoods.
Pure water from an artesian well was discovered in the s, securing the city's water supply. The commissioners developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful movement , but did not encourage heavy industry, which might have provided substantial employment for the working-class population. The lack of representation in city government resulted in the poor and minorities being underrepresented. The majority controlled the election of all the at-large positions.
Memphis did not become a home rule city until , although the state legislature had amended the constitution in to provide home rule for cities and counties. Before that, the city had to get state bills approved in order to change its charter and for other policies and programs. Since , it can change the charter by popular approval of the electorate. During the s, the city was at the center of the Civil Rights Movement , as its large African-American population had been affected by state segregation practices and disenfranchisement in the early 20th century.
African-American residents drew from the civil rights movement to improve their lives. In , the Memphis sanitation strike began for living wages and better working conditions; the workers were overwhelmingly African American. They marched to gain public awareness and support for their plight: the danger of their work, and the struggles to support families with their low pay.
Their drive for better pay had been met with resistance by the city government. Martin Luther King Jr. King stayed at the Lorraine Motel in the city, and was assassinated by a sniper on April 4, , the day after giving his prophetic I've Been to the Mountaintop speech at the Mason Temple. Grief-stricken and enraged after learning of King's murder, many African Americans in the city rioted, looting and destroying businesses and other facilities, some by arson.
The governor ordered Tennessee National Guardsmen into the city within hours, where small, roving bands of rioters continued to be active. In , the Census Bureau reported Memphis's population as After the riots and court-ordered busing in to achieve desegregation of public schools, "about 40, of the system's 71, white students abandon[ed] the system in four years. Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American South.
Many renowned musicians grew up in and around Memphis and moved to Chicago and other areas from the Mississippi Delta , carrying their music with them to influence other cities and listeners over radio airwaves. Handy , B. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Downtown Memphis rises from a bluff along the Mississippi River. The city and metro area spread out through suburbanization, and encompass southwest Tennessee, northern Mississippi and eastern Arkansas.
The city is a national transportation hub and Mississippi River crossing for Interstate 40 , east-west , Interstate 55 north-south , barge traffic, Memphis International Airport FedEx's "SuperHub" facility and numerous freight railroads that serve the city. Fuller State Park in the south.
In recent years the City has decided to de-annex some of its territory. Its is currently going through a 3 phase process to de-annex 5 areas within the city limits which will return to being part of unincorporated Shelby County. As a result Shelby County Sheriff are responsible for patrolling these former parts of the city of Memphis.
Shelby County is located over four natural aquifers , one of which is recognized as the "Memphis Sand Aquifer" or simply as the "Memphis Aquifer". Summer weather may come from Texas very hot and humid or the Gulf hot and very humid. July has a daily average temperature of Afternoon and evening thunderstorms are frequent during summer, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour.
Early autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can be hot until late October. Late autumn is rainy and cooler; precipitation peaks again in November and December. Winters are mild to chilly, with a January daily average temperature of Snow occurs sporadically in winter, with an average seasonal snowfall of 3. Ice storms and freezing rain pose greater danger, as they can often pull tree limbs down on power lines and make driving hazardous.
Severe thunderstorms can occur at any time of the year though mainly during the spring months. Large hail, strong winds, flooding and frequent lightning can accompany these storms. Some storms spawn tornadoes. Annual precipitation is high Average monthly rainfall is especially high in March through May, November and December. For historical population data, see: History of Memphis, Tennessee. According to the — American Community Survey , the racial composition of the city of Memphis was:.
As of the United States Census [update] , there were , people and , households in the city. There were , housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6. About In , the U. Since just after , though, the downtown has experienced something of a Renaissance, and at present Memphis boasts one of the largest downtown residential populations of anywhere in the US.
Beautification projects have led to the cultivation of a number of excellent parks on the banks of the Mississippi. Carriage, trolley, and boat rides abound, each one an equally good option for taking in the sights and sounds. Memphis is a hotbed of more specialized, often more powerful museums, featuring small yet important collections of art and history. Martin Luther King, Jr. The Stax Museum of American Soul Music is a must-visit that brings the city's lesser-known story of soul music and the 'Memphis Sound' alive.
Finally, The National Ornamental Metal Museum traces the history of decorative metal in the US - so very prevalent in the South - through the country's history, with historic exhibits and live demonstrations. It also boasts one of the best gift shops in the city. Memphis is perched on the shore of the Mississippi, a fact that has defined much of the city's history and economy. Thus, the city's occasional, colloquial nicknames "River City" and "Bluff City.
If you tire of strolling through the parks and along the banks, take to the water with a riverboat ride or canoe rental. Residence Inn Memphis Downtown. Comfort Inn Downtown. Go Eat. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. Flight Restaurant and Wine Bar. Gibson's Donuts. Muddy's Bake Shop. Jerry's Sno Cones. Gus's World Famous Fried Chicken. Folk's Folly Prime Steakhouse. Bryant's Breakfast.
Brother Juniper's. Itta Bena. Explore Black Heritage and Culture. Blues Hall of Fame Museum. First Baptist Beale Street Church. From the Forums. First Visit to MemphisPlaces to visit. Any riots in Memphis? First trip to Memphis - what not to miss. Rent a Home for Your Next Escape.Memphis is legendary as an incubator for American musical titans, with landmarks like Sun Studios, the Stax Museum of American Soul Music, and Graceland serving as some of the city’s most popular attractions for visitors. The city’s musical tradition continues today, with a packed roster of live music representing every conceivable genre.