Soon, explorers explored the whole coastline of Brazil and colonies were set up. In the late s and early s, the Dutch and the French tried to take land in Brazil.
Brazilians started moving inland further than the Treaty of Tordesillas said they could. This caused some fights with the Spaniards people from Spain and native people in the area. In , Brazil claimed to be its own country and not a part of Portugal anymore. Soon there was civil war. But the emperor Pedro II improved the economy, and in , he freed the slaves.
In , there was a military coup , and Pedro II had to leave the country. In , Brazil became a republic. It was not very democratic , because the only people who could vote were people who owned land. There were some uprisings in the s because some people thought the government was unfairly helping coffee growers. During the s, the leader Castelo Branco made the government like a dictatorship. Since then, the country has become more democratic , but some people feel that there are still big problems in health , education , crime , poverty and social inequality.
In August , then- president Dilma Rousseff was removed from office because of impeachment. Most people in Brazil speak Portuguese. Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese.
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